'' Strong reasons make strong actions'' William Shakespeare.
Colombia is located in northwestern South America. The capital is Bogota.The north-west of the country consists of the coast which lies against the Caribbean Sea and the south west is the coastline on the northern Pacific Ocean. It is home to over 45 million inhabitants, the third largest population in Latin America. The official economy based on oil, natural gas, coal, iron.
Colombia is known worldwide for the production of coffee, flowers andemeralds. Even for its cultural diversity and to be the second richest country inbiodiversity in the world.
Although Colombia has a strong economy, so is the extent of poverty among children and young Colombians 45% and 17% are homeless. 62% of young Colombians do not have access to life-expectancy due to malnutrition, poor health and ignorance. More than 20 million people living in poverty in Colombia and more than 8 million are living as homeless. This means that about 30 million people do not have enough resources to enjoy a decent life in the South American country. Some reasons for the increasing poverty, the reduction in social spending and the steadily growing military budget. Approximately 5.2 million Colombians have been displaced from their homes in their homeland even forced to move to other countries because ofarmed conflict.
Colombia conflict: The roots of today's conflict in Colombia is considered mostly descended from the assassination of Jorge Eliecer Gaitan, 9 April de1948th Gaitan was a Colombian liberal opposition politician who was murdered is obscure in the capital Bogota, in what became known as "elBogotazo". After the murder became known in the national media broke outriots in the streets of several cities around the country, and only in Bogotá is estimated over 3,000 people have died on this day. The murder was the start of a ten-year civil war, "la Violencia", in which ca. 200,000 people died.
To end the civil war, the Liberal and the Conservative Party to simply share power between the years 1958-1974, in the so-called "National Front". They had legislatures à 4-year terms, and took turns to sit in power. During this timearose the guerrillas in many parts of the country, which is partly attributable to government neglect of rural and suburban and the current monopoly of power ,partly at the urging of, and not least financial support from other countriesaround the world, such as Cuba and Soviet Union. At that time the guerrillas a degree of popular support from leftist intellectuals and peasant communities.
Fighting narkotikakartell were intensified in the late 1980s. Among other things, demanded that the U.S. would extradite several leading drug traffickers. This resulted in hundreds of people were killed, including PabloEscobar, the boss of the Medellin cartel.
In response to guerrillas in the countryside and to visit the military's dirty casesin the form of various assaults on the civilian population, formed the paramilitary forces, now known as the AUC (= "the Colombian United Self-Defence Forces"). Paramilitaries are notorious for their massacres, disappearances and gentrification in cities and villages, and according to Human Rights Watch, they are responsible for over 70% of murders ofpoliticians and union leaders in Colombia. In 2004 began a demobilization of the AUC, this is much debated and criticized, both for the comprehensiveamnesty to the guilty, and the poor compensation for the many victims of their crimes. Furthermore, it has been discovered that during former PresidentÁlvaro Uribe (President 2002-2010) was the paramilitary leaders political influence over much of Colombia's congressmen and local politicians, who should have received bribes and money for election campaigns to join the AUC's leaders to please . Since AUC disarmed, some combatantsreintegrerats in society, while others have taken up arms again to defend its interests in the drug trade, and especially its social position of power in many cities and shanty towns, mostly along the coast and south of the country.
During the 1990s, including guerrillas strategy changed, largely because ofcultivation and trafficking of narcotics. Of the many guerrillas that were on the 60 - and 70's remains now only FARC and ELN, these are the first largest andmilitarily superior to the other. FARC is notorious for kidnapping, extortion, murder and terrorist attacks against both civilians and police officers, and theirviolence is both national and international citizens, politicians and businessmen. Both the AUC and FARC are terroristämplade of both the EU and Colombia's ally, the United States.
Despite the increased security in some regions, the number of internally displaced people increased in 2009 and 2010. During the period from January to August had an average of 500 people a day leave their homes, partly due to the new gang wars in Medellín and Cali and surrounding areas. Many IDPsalso says that new paramilitary groups, the right political targeted AguilasNegras, are responsible for thousands of people left homeless in areas where ultinational companies operate
June 20, the UN Office of the high commissioner for the refugee (UNHCR), announced that Colombia´s is the workld´s number one country for internal displacement and highlighted that Afro-colombian and indigenous peoples continued to be the prominent victims of this phenomenon. According to the think tank Maple Croft, Colombia has the world's sixth biggestrisk of terrorist acts.
October 15 2012
In recognition of his unconditional commitement to defending human rights and particularly to victims of state crimes in Colombia, as in the case of the Union patriotica, the senate garnted whit the Cruz de caballero to Jael Quiroga Carrilo, director of corporation Reiniciar, on thursday Octuber 18 at the national capitol Colombia.
Human rights are the rules that says what rights people have. Rights are individual. This means that the rules apply to every human being. It is the state that will protect people and ensure that they get their rights. There are differen tkinds of rights. But all rights are important. Some rights are political and civil. People should have the right to say what they think, believe in what god they want and be able to choose to participate in associations. Other rights are ekonimista, social and cultural. People should have the right to work and to eat their fill. People can not work to get help from the community. Everyone should get health care and learn to read and write.
UN rules on human rights.
After World War II, countries began to cooperate with the United Nations, UN.The UN's Universal Declaration of Human Rights speaking countries at the UN on how they think it should be in the world to mäsnniskor to live in peace and freedom.
This is what the Universal Declaration, among other concerns:
All people are equal. Human Rights applies to all people. All people are entitled to live and to be a citizen of a country. States must protect people so they can feel safe. The countries' laws and courts should treat all people equally. People should be able to travel in their countries and to other countries. The countries take in refugees who have no protection in their own countries. People should be free to decide over their lives. They should get married, think what they want and believe in what god they want. Country are going to fight against poverty and to ensure that people have jobs and housing, may be enough to eat and learn to read and write.